The origins of counting

The early Britons’ survival relied on their livestock. Shared pastures meant you had to know how many you put in (in order to take back out) and taxes were later applied per head of stock. A stock count… Read More

Celtic counting

And say a flock of (say) 43 sheep would result in two scores and three fingers – two score and three.When you consider the evolution of counting, it seems obvious that even the earliest societies could have conceived… Read More

Why it doesn’t pay to be a 29 day month

The Gregorian calendar (‘Western’ calendar or ‘Christian’ calendar) that most of us know so well is strictly a solar calendar — meaning it generally disregards what the moon is doing and focusses more on the patterns of the sun… Read More

A Year and a Day

Welsh literature is full of very casually used examples of time keeping termed ‘a year and a day’. As in a curse that must be borne for a year and a day after which it expires or is… Read More

The Calendar in y Ddraig

It’s easy to search the internet and find a couple of sources which appear to agree but, without more careful investigation, it can lead you into trouble. This was my experience in trying to learn something about the… Read More

Celtic Timekeeping

View image |   Celts tracked the passage of days in terms of ‘nights’. But a Celtic 24-hour period seems to have begun and finished at the distinct marker that is ‘disappearance’ (sunset) rather than at the… Read More

(Celtic) Coligny Calendar

The Celtic calendar has been estimated by scholars based (amongst other evidence) on the re-assembled remains of a 5ft wide, beaten copper, ‘perpetual’ calendar buried in the ground in Coligny, Gaul, to protect it after it was destroyed,… Read More

Celtic Month

Experts are divided on what phase of the moon the Celts started their month. Modern, western society starts ours on the ‘new’ moon (when it’s fully dark). Some think the Celts started on the full moon because that’s… Read More

Celtic Days, Weeks and Fortnights

Pre-Christian Celts counted the passage of time in nights (starting and finishing at sunset) rather than days, with longer periods being se’nnight (seven nights) and fortnights (forten-night or fourteen night). The concept of fortnights is much older but the… Read More